Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics 2016 9 26() doi 10.1111/apt.13808
The comparative efficacy of adalimumab (ADA) and infliximab (IFX) in Crohn’s disease, and the benefit of initial combotherapy with an immunomodulator, are debated.
To assess the best anti-TNF treatment regimens in Crohn’s disease.
We included 906 biologic-naïve Crohn’s disease patients [median age, 31 years (24-41)] and performed a retrospective analysis of 1284 therapeutic exposures to ADA (n = 521) or IFX (n = 763) between 2006 and 2015. An immunomodulator was associated during the first 4-6 months (initial combotherapy) during 706 therapeutic exposures (55%). Median duration of anti-TNF therapy was 39 months (IQR 17-67). Primary outcomes were 6-month and 2-year response rates and drug survival. Logistic regression with propensity scoring and Cox proportional hazard analysis determined variables associated with outcomes.
The response rates at 6 months and 2 years were 64% and 44% on ADA mono, 86% and 70% on ADA combo, 72% and 45% on IFX mono, and 84% and 68% on IFX combotherapy, respectively. Differences between ADA and IFX were not significant, whereas combotherapy was superior to monotherapy (P < 0.001). Drug survival was longer with combotherapy vs. monotherapy [adjusted hazard ratio 2.17 (1.72-2.70)] and not significantly different between ADA and IFX. During subsequent anti-TNF exposures, IFX combotherapy fared better than other groups regarding response rates, drug survival, disease activity, hospitalisations and abdominal surgery. CONCLUSION
In this retrospective analysis of a large tertiary centre cohort of Crohn’s disease patients, ADA and IFX had similar efficacy as first line treatment, while initial combotherapy with an immunomodulator improved all outcome measures.