Advertisement

 

 

Anti-neuropathic effects of Rosmarinus officinalis L. terpenoid fraction: relevance of nicotinic receptors.

Anti-neuropathic effects of Rosmarinus officinalis L. terpenoid fraction: relevance of nicotinic receptors.
Author Information (click to view)

Mannelli LD, Micheli L, Maresca M, Cravotto G, Bellumori M, Innocenti M, Mulinacci N, Ghelardini C,


Mannelli LD, Micheli L, Maresca M, Cravotto G, Bellumori M, Innocenti M, Mulinacci N, Ghelardini C, (click to view)

Mannelli LD, Micheli L, Maresca M, Cravotto G, Bellumori M, Innocenti M, Mulinacci N, Ghelardini C,

Advertisement
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedIn

Scientific reports 2016 Oct 076() 34832 doi 10.1038/srep34832
Abstract

Traditional uses and current results highlight the neuroprotective properties of Rosmarinus officinalis L. The compelling need for novel strategies able to relieve neuropathic pain encouraged us to analyze different rosemary leaf extracts in rats following chronic constriction injury (CCI) of sciatic nerve. Ethanol, acetone, and the innovative ultrasound-hexane extractive methods were used to obtain: EE, AE, and for hexane extracts UREprel and URE. Extracts were characterized in terms of typical constituents and repeatedly administered to CCI-rats (13-days treatment, from the day of surgery). URE showed the best efficacy and potency in reducing hypersensitivity to noxious- and non-noxious stimuli and spontaneous pain. URE contained the higher quantity of the terpenoid carnosic acid (CA) and its efficacy was compared to pure CA. Histological analysis of the sciatic nerve revealed that URE prevented axon and myelin derangement, edema and inflammatory infiltrate. In the dorsal horn of the spinal cord, URE did not reduce astrocyte activation. Both the pain reliever and the neuroconservative effects of URE were significantly prevented by the nicotinic receptor (nAChR) antagonist mecamylamine. In conclusion, the hexane-ultrasound rosemary extract is able to reduce neuropathic hypersensitivity and protect nervous tissues. Effectiveness is mainly related to the terpenoid fraction by mechanisms involving nAChRs.

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

10 + twelve =

[ HIDE/SHOW ]