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Oncology
RECENT FEATURES

Surrogate Decision Making for Older Hospitalized Adults

Surrogate decision makers often face a broad range of decisions. Hospitals should take into account the large role of surrogates and make efforts to support them in healthcare decision making.

A Conservative Approach to Lymph Node Removal

Until recently, guidelines recommended complete axillary node dissection in women with breast cancer for whom their sentinel node biopsy was positive. However, patients who undergo this procedure routinely experience complications. The introduction of sentinel lymph node biopsy in the 1990s included the benefit of avoiding complete axillary node dissection if two or three sentinel nodes tested negative for cancer, thus reducing morbidity.…

Guiding Follow-Up Care in Breast Cancer

The American Society of Clinical Oncology has reissued its recommendations for managing and following up patients with breast cancer who have completed primary therapy. Open dialogue and coordinated care planning are paramount to optimizing outcomes.

OPINION ARTICLES

A Conservative Approach to Lymph Node Removal

Until recently, guidelines recommended complete axillary node dissection in women with breast cancer for whom their sentinel node biopsy was positive. However, patients who undergo this procedure routinely experience complications. The introduction of sentinel lymph node biopsy in the 1990s included the benefit of avoiding complete axillary node dissection if two or three sentinel nodes tested negative for cancer, thus reducing morbidity.…

Promoting Thyroid Cancer Awareness

According to recent estimates, approximately 62,980 people in the United States will be diagnosed with thyroid cancer in 2014, a nearly 5% increase from 2013. The incidence is rapidly increasing among all age groups, and thyroid cancer is especially common in women, who represent three of every four people diagnosed with the disease.…

Diagnosing & Staging Esophageal Cancer

The overall 5-year survival rates for esophageal cancer are less than 15%. Although esophagectomy has been the traditional gold standard for early stage disease, optimal treatment for localized disease has generated debate in light of the overall poor survival rate. In 2013, the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) published a set of clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of localized esophageal cancer in Annals of Thoracic Surgery.…

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Medicine 2064

Medicine 2064 With Dr. Daniel Kraft

Curing half of the world’s known cancers, granting movement to the paralyzed, preventing Alzheimer’s. Visionary medical expert Dr. Daniel Kraft believes all of this and more can happen by 2064. In this first film in our “Conversations with Tomorrow” series, take a glimpse at the future of medicine and its impact on our lives.…

The Immune System Explained: A Patient Education Video

For Healthcare Providers:
The immune systems is an exceptionally complex system that is hard to grasp for most patients, and even many of your colleagues. Share this video with your patients to provide them with a simplified, yet quite informative, explanation of how the system works.…

Media Flub: Squeezing Breasts Prevents Cancer?

Breast cancer is not funny. The media squeezing sensationalism out of research is misleading and trivializes a serious problem.

NEWS BRIEFS

Smart Knife Detects Cancer Cells During Tumor Surgery

An “intelligent knife” that can immediately determine whether tissue is healthy or cancerous was 100% accurate in the first study to test the device in the operating room.

Known as the iKnife, the innovative tool combines electrosurgery with rapid evaporative ionization mass spectrometry.…

PSA Screening: More Harm Than Good

A new analysis presented at the European Cancer Conference 2013 adds fuel to the ongoing debate over whether routine prostate cancer screening reduces prostate cancer mortality. Overall, lead author Mathieu Boniol, MD, and colleagues found that the harms outweigh the benefits on a population level—which should further discourage the use of routine PSA testing for prostate cancer in the general population.…

Updated Breast Cancer Guidelines for HER2 Testing

A new update to clinical practice guidelines for HER2 testing in breast cancer was published online last week by the American Society of Clinical Oncology and the College of American Pathologists in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

The guidelines recommend that all women with invasive breast cancer (primary or recurrence) are tested for HER2 status—a practice already being implemented across the United States.…

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