Obesity surgery 2016 Oct 15()
Bariatric surgery usually leads to improvement on the general lipid profile, but its role in the levels of apolipoprotein A-IV (Apo-AIV) is not completely understood. Apo-AIV is a gut-released lipoprotein which is enrolled in satiety regulation and presents anti-inflammatory, anti-atherogenic, and anti-oxidative properties. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) in the levels of Apo-AIV.
This is a prospective exploratory study which evaluated eight obese individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who underwent BPD (Scopinaro operation) and were followed-up for 12 months. Apo-AIV levels were determined by means of serial dosages through a standard meal tolerance test (MTT) in the immediate preoperative period and then 12 months later.
There was a significant change in the Apo-AIV curve following MTT before and after surgery. At 0 and 45 min, the Apo-AIV levels did not significantly differ before and after surgery; at 120 and 180 min, Apo-AIV levels were significantly lower following BPD.
We observed a decrease of postprandial levels of Apo-AIV following MTT in mildly obese individuals with T2DM. This finding appears to be related to the suppression in the Apo-AIV response that obese individuals tend to present. Weight reduction itself, endotoxemia, and the large segments of bypassed intestine may be enrolled in this impaired response.