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Brief Report: Apparent Antiretroviral Overadherence by Pill Count is Associated With HIV Treatment Failure in Adolescents.

Brief Report: Apparent Antiretroviral Overadherence by Pill Count is Associated With HIV Treatment Failure in Adolescents.
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Okatch H, Beiter K, Eby J, Chapman J, Marukutira T, Tshume O, Matshaba M, Anabwani GM, Gross R, Lowenthal E,


Okatch H, Beiter K, Eby J, Chapman J, Marukutira T, Tshume O, Matshaba M, Anabwani GM, Gross R, Lowenthal E, (click to view)

Okatch H, Beiter K, Eby J, Chapman J, Marukutira T, Tshume O, Matshaba M, Anabwani GM, Gross R, Lowenthal E,

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Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 72(5) 542-5 doi 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000994

Abstract

Pill counts with calculated adherence percentages are used in many settings to monitor adherence, but can be undermined by patients discarding pills to hide nonadherence. Pill counts suggesting that >100% of prescribed doses were taken can signal "pill dumping." We defined "overadherence" among a cohort of 300 HIV-infected adolescents as having greater than one-third of pill counts with >100% adherence during a year of follow-up. Apparent overadherence was more common in those with virologic failure than in those with suppressed viral loads (33% vs 13%, χ P = 0.001). Pill count adherence repeatedly >100% may identify HIV-infected adolescents at increased risk of treatment failure.

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