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Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies: An Approach to Control HIV-1 Infection.

Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies: An Approach to Control HIV-1 Infection.
Author Information (click to view)

Yaseen MM, Yaseen MM, Ali Alqudah M,


Yaseen MM, Yaseen MM, Ali Alqudah M, (click to view)

Yaseen MM, Yaseen MM, Ali Alqudah M,

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International reviews of immunology 2016 Oct 14() 1-13

Abstract

Although available antiretroviral therapy (ART) has changed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection to a non-fatal chronic disease, the economic burden of lifelong therapy, severe adverse ART effects, daily ART adherence, and emergence of ART-resistant HIV-1 mutants require prospecting for alternative therapeutic modalities. Indeed, a growing body of evidence suggests that broadly neutralizing anti-HIV-1 antibodies (BNAbs) may offer one such feasible alternative. To evaluate their therapeutic potential in established HIV-1 infection, we sought to address recent advances in pre-clinical and clinical investigations in this area of HIV-1 research. In addition, we addressed the obstacles that may impede the success of such immunotherapeutic approach, suggested strategic solutions, and briefly compared this approach with the currently used ART to open new insights for potential future passive immunotherapy for HIV-1 infection.

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