Infectious Disease

CDC: Zika Can Be Found in Placental, Fetal Tissue at Birth

Of 546 live births with possible maternal Zika virus, 11 percent proved positive

2006 to 2013 Saw Increase in ER Use for Herpes Zoster

Increase in number of emergency department visits and costs for HZ-related ER visits

1991-2014 Saw Minimal Change in Health Spending Per State

Recession and recovery, implementation of health reform impacted health care coverage

Protective Association Identified for Asthma Against Sepsis

Decreased risk for hospital mortality, septicemia, sepsis, severe sepsis, and septic shock

Nearly 60 Percent With Conjunctivitis Fill Antibiotic Rx

Blacks and Latinos less likely to fill prescriptions; higher-income, educated patients more likely to fill rx

HCC Drops Beyond Five Years of Entecavir/Tenofovir Tx for Hep B

Older age, lower platelets at baseline and year five, liver stiffness ≥12 kPa linked to HCC development

CDC: Number of U.S. Counties With Zika-Carrying Mosquitoes Up

Surveillance also spotted increase in mosquitoes that transmit dengue, chikungunya viruses

Support for Financial Penalties Up With Emphasis on Patient Harms

Penalties supported by 41% of physician recipients of clinical vignette describing harms to patient

Financial Incentives May Increase Viral Suppression in HIV

No increase in linkage to care, but increase noted in viral suppression and continuity of care

Chronic Lyme Disease Treatments Tied to Serious Adverse Effects

Medications in this context not shown to result in substantial long-term improvement, researchers say

Unusual Measles Outbreak Described in Ontario in Early 2015

All 18 cases were suggested to have derived from a single importation of measles virus genotype D4

20 Percent of Hospital Patients Have Side Effects From Abx Rx

One-fifth of those who had antibiotic-related side effects didn’t require the drugs in the first place

Donor Microbes Can Persist Long-Term After Fecal Transplant

Small study shows transplanted bacteria are still there two years on

Novel Retinal Lesion Seen in Some Ebola Survivors

Novel retinal lesion following anatomical distribution of optic nerve axons seen in 14.6 percent of survivors

Rates of S. aureus Antibiotic Resistance Down in United States

Rates of susceptibility to certain antibiotics have increased over time

Risk of HPV-Linked Second Cancers Up After Anal Cancer

Men have higher standardized incidence ratio than women for second primary malignancy

High HCV Cure Rates in HIV Coinfection Cases at Urban Clinic

Sustained virologic response rate of 97 percent, with no variation by race in predominantly black cohort

AMA Endeavors to Increase Transparency of Rx Pricing

At annual meeting, the physicians’ group adopted new policies on drug pricing to protect patients

Amphotericin Tops Itraconazole in HIV-Linked Talaromycosis

Reduced risk of death at six months, faster clinical resolution and fungal clearance versus itraconazole

OpenArray PCR Platform Detects Pathogens in Plasma, Blood

No false positives in plasma, blood specimens for 17 viral, 13 bacterial/protozoan pathogens

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