Infectious Disease

Emergency Departments See Few Cases of Sepsis in Adolescents

Every 100 years, each of 12 emergency departments would treat 2.8 fatal sepsis cases

FDA: Potential Contamination in Some Liquid Pharma Products

Concerns over possible bacterial contamination that could cause severe infections in vulnerable patients

Diverse Spectrum of Neurologic Syndromes Seen With Zika

Increase in admissions for Guillain-Barré syndrome, encephalitis compared with before outbreak

Specialist Access No Better With Adoption of Access Standards

No notable improvement in timely access to specialty services following implementation of standards

Studies Used for FDA Approval of Device Changes Often Low Quality

And, efficacy of drugs granted accelerated approval often confirmed only years after approval

Review: Killed Whole-Cell Oral Cholera Vaccine Efficacious

Efficacy estimates similar during the two years after vaccination; efficacy reduced in third, fourth year

Hyperglycemia May Cause Caries but Not Periodontal Disease

Findings in rodent models of type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Rebound Seen Predelivery After HIV Suppression in Pregnancy

6 percent of women with HIV suppression during pregnancy had viral load rebound before delivery

Study Quantifies Condom Use in 15- to 44-Year-Olds in 2011-15

Overall, 18.2 and 23.9 percent of women, men used a condom 100 percent of the time in past month

Rotavirus Vaccine Cuts U.S. Peds Gastroenteritis Hospitalizations

Reduction in acute-gastroenteritis-related hospitalization rates among children <5 years

Higher Risk of CVD Persists After Hospital Stay for Severe Infection

Risk persists for at least five years after sepsis, pneumonia with hospitalization

Wound Complication Rate for C-Section Varies With Suture Type

Reduced complications with poliglecaprone 25 versus polyglactin 910 for women undergoing C-section

Analysis of EBV DNA in Plasma Samples IDs Nasopharyngeal CA

Screening detects nasopharyngeal carcinoma significantly earlier; linked to better outcomes

Live Attenuated Flu Vaccine Not Effective for Children in 2015-16

Overall, influenza vaccine was 48 percent effective against any influenza illness for 2015 to 2016 season

Non-Specialists Can Expand Hepatitis C Treatment Access

Primary care providers, nurse practitioners achieve same response rates as specialists

Guidance Provided for Preventing Practice Billing Errors

Practices should have a compliance plan and policy and someone responsible for enforcing it

Review: Antibiotics Effectively Prevent Recurrent Cellulitis

Protective effects of antibiotics for recurrence, incidence don’t last after prophylaxis is stopped

Epidemiology of Acute Otitis Media Changed From 2006-2016

Change in proportion of S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, M. catarrhalis causing AOM

Single Measures of Viral Load May Overestimate HIV Suppression

Overall, 57.3 percent had suppressed load in most recent test; 47.6 percent had durable suppression

Moms’ Prior Flu Vaccine Doesn’t Weaken Newborns’ Benefit

Initial antibody response may weaken with more vaccines, but benefits at delivery not affected

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