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Combined Variants in Factor VIII and Prostaglandin Synthase-1 Amplify Hemorrhage Severity Across Three Generations of Descendants.

Combined Variants in Factor VIII and Prostaglandin Synthase-1 Amplify Hemorrhage Severity Across Three Generations of Descendants.
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Nance D, Campbell RA, Rowley JW, Downie JM, Jorde LB, Kahr WH, Mereby SA, Tolley ND, Zimmerman GA, Weyrich AS, Rondina MT,


Nance D, Campbell RA, Rowley JW, Downie JM, Jorde LB, Kahr WH, Mereby SA, Tolley ND, Zimmerman GA, Weyrich AS, Rondina MT, (click to view)

Nance D, Campbell RA, Rowley JW, Downie JM, Jorde LB, Kahr WH, Mereby SA, Tolley ND, Zimmerman GA, Weyrich AS, Rondina MT,

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Journal of thrombosis and haemostasis : JTH 2016 9 14() doi 10.1111/jth.13500

Abstract
BACKGROUND
Inherited human variants that concurrently cause disorders of primary hemostasis and coagulation are uncommon. Nevertheless, rare cases of co-existent damaging variants are likely to cause more severe bleeding and may go undiagnosed.

OBJECTIVE
We prospectively sought to determine pathogenic variants in a three-generational pedigree with excessive bleeding.

PATIENTS/METHODS
Platelet number, size, and light transmission aggregometry to multiple agonists were evaluated in pedigree members. Transmission electron microscopy determined platelet morphology and granule content. Thromboxane release studies and light transmission aggregometry in the presence or absence of prostaglandin G2 assessed specific functional defects in the arachidonic acid pathway. Whole exome sequencing (WES) and targeted nucleotide sequence analysis identified potentially deleterious variants.

RESULTS
Pedigree members with excessive bleeding had impaired platelet aggregation with arachidonic acid, epinephrine, and low-dose ADP as well as reduced platelet thromboxane B2 release. Impaired platelet aggregation in response to 2MesADP was rescued with prostaglandin G2 , a prostaglandin intermediate downstream of PTGS-1 that aids in the production thromboxane. WES identified a nonsynonymous variant in the signal peptide of PTGS-1 (rs3842787; c.50C>T; p.Pro17Leu) that completely co-segregated with disease phenotype. A variant in the F8 gene causing hemophilia A (rs28935203; c.5096A>T; p.Y1699F) was also identified. Individuals with both variants had more severe bleeding manifestations than characteristic of mild hemophilia A alone.

CONCLUSION
We provide the first report of co-existing variants in both F8 and PTGS-1 genes in a three-generation pedigree. The PTGS-1 variant was associated with specific, functional defects in the arachidonic acid pathway and more severe hemorrhage. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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