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Demographic Trends in New HIV Diagnoses in the U.S., 2009-2013.

Demographic Trends in New HIV Diagnoses in the U.S., 2009-2013.
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Bonacci RA, Holtgrave DR,


Bonacci RA, Holtgrave DR, (click to view)

Bonacci RA, Holtgrave DR,

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American journal of preventive medicine 2016 8 23() pii 10.1016/j.amepre.2016.07.006

Abstract
INTRODUCTION
HIV testing is key to achieving the National HIV/AIDS Strategy goals. A new diagnosis metric evaluated whether testing services are reaching the remaining undiagnosed people living with HIV (PLWH), by subpopulation.

METHODS
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention surveillance data from 2008 to 2013 were obtained for: (1) new HIV diagnoses; (2) HIV prevalence; and (3) percentage of PLWH aware of serostatus. The number of new HIV diagnoses in a given year divided by the number of undiagnosed PLWH in the previous year was determined. Trends were evaluated by calculating net percentage change in this measure from 2009 to 2013 for all new diagnoses and stratified by subpopulation. Analyses were conducted during 2015-2016.

RESULTS
The proportion of all undiagnosed PLWH who achieve serostatus awareness was 26.0%, 25.9%, 26.1%, 27.7%, and 30.4% from 2009 to 2013, respectively. The absolute net change was 4.3% (5.2% for men and 0.5% for women). There was an absolute net change of 5.0%, 3.1%, and 5.5% for the black, Hispanic, and men who have sex with men communities, respectively. An absolute net change >10% was observed only for those aged 13-24 years (10.9%) and ≥65 years (17.8%), and for men who inject drugs (11.7%).

CONCLUSIONS
The proportion of undiagnosed PLWH who achieve serostatus awareness increased minimally from 2009 to 2013, especially for blacks, Hispanics, and men who have sex with men. Redirecting HIV testing efforts and funds to disproportionately affected communities is essential.

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