The purpose of this study was to understand how bear identity influenced condom use during the last anal sex event. Participants were recruited to complete an online, anonymous, self-report survey through bear-related sexual and social networking websites. A total of 1,080 men who identified as gay or bisexual, as a member of the bear community and at least 18 years of age or older completed the survey. Overall, less than a third of men reported condom use during the most recent receptive (28%) and insertive (30%) anal sex event. Men in bear concordant pairings were less likely to use a condom during receptive and insertive anal sex compared to those is discordant pairings (p < .05). Findings suggest that bear identity concordance influences condom use during anal sex after accounting for an individual's relationship to their most recent partner as well as other confounding variables.
Difference in Condom use Between Bear Concordant and Discordant Dyads During the Last Anal Sex Event.