Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition 2016 9 21()
Growth failure is well-recognised in pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease (PIBD; <18 years). We aimed to examine whether anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) therapy improves growth in a PIBD population-based cohort. METHODS
A retrospective review of all Scottish children receiving anti-TNF (infliximab (IFX) and adalimumab (ADA)) from 2000-2012 was performed; height was collected at: 12 months before anti-TNF (T-12), start (T0) and 12 (T+12) months after anti-TNF.
93/201 treated with IFX and 28/49 for ADA had satisfactory growth data; 66 had full pubertal data. Univariate analysis demonstrated early pubertal stages (Tanner 1-3 n = 44 vs. T4-5 n = 22), disease remission, disease duration ≥2 years and duration of IFX ≥12 months were associated with improved linear growth for IFX; for ADA only improvement was seen in Tanner 1-3. For IFX, Tanner 1-3 median Δ ht SDS -0.3 (-0.7,0.2) at T0 changed to 0.04 (-0.5, 0.7) at T+12 (p < 0.001) vs -0.01 (-0.5, 0.9) at T0 in T4-5 changed to -0.01 (-0.4, 0.2) at T+12 (p > 0.05). For IFX disease duration ≥2 year, median Δ ht SDS was -0.13 (-0.6, 0.3) at T0 then 0.07 (-0.3, 0.6) at T+12 (p < 0.001). Remission improved Δ ht SDS (median Δ ht SDS -0.14 (-0.6, 0.3) at T0 to 0.17 (-0.2, 0.7) at T+12 (p < 0.001)). Multiple regression analysis demonstrated corticosteroid usage at T0 predicted improved Δ ht SDS at T+12 for IFX and ADA. CONCLUSIONS
Anti-TNF therapy is more likely to be associated with growth improvement when used at earlier stages of puberty with remission a key growth-promoting strategy in Paediatric Crohn’s disease.