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Epidemiology of Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated Herpesvirus in Asia: Challenges and Opportunities.

Epidemiology of Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated Herpesvirus in Asia: Challenges and Opportunities.
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Zhang T, Wang L,


Zhang T, Wang L, (click to view)

Zhang T, Wang L,

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Journal of medical virology 2016 8 17() doi 10.1002/jmv.24662

Abstract

Kaposi’s sarcoma -associated herpes virus (KSHV) also referred to as human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8), is a gamma herpes virus and recently discovered human virus. Since its discovery, a myriad of studies has been conducted to explore its pathogenesis mechanisms. However, despite our consistently increasing understanding of KSHV biology and its clinical manifestations, only little progress has been made in understanding of its epidemiology characteristics which in turn hampered the management of KSHV-associated diseases and public health. Asia, the largest continent with a diversity of populations, has been thought to be with relative lower KSHV prevalence and diseases burden. The epidemiology of KSHV in this area is obscure either. The present review summarizes the current knowledge pertaining to the epidemiology of KSHV across Asian countries. Studies available in the literature have shown a substantial variation in this region indicating the virus is not ubiquitous in Asia countries as is the case with other human herpes viruses. Also, the MSM has been reconfirmed to be at the highest risk of KSHV infection in Asia highlighting the need for an increased focus on this previously marginalized population. Because of the paucity of data available, the epidemiologic characteristics of KSHV are difficult to determine in Asian countries. Future systematic collection of data to inform KSHV prevention strategies in Asia is urgently needed. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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