Advertisement

 

 

HIV-1 antiretroviral drug resistance patterns in patients failing NNRTI-based treatment: results from a national survey in South Africa.

HIV-1 antiretroviral drug resistance patterns in patients failing NNRTI-based treatment: results from a national survey in South Africa.
Author Information (click to view)

Steegen K, Bronze M, Papathanasopoulos MA, van Zyl G, Goedhals D, Variava E, MacLeod W, Sanne I, Stevens WS, Carmona S,


Steegen K, Bronze M, Papathanasopoulos MA, van Zyl G, Goedhals D, Variava E, MacLeod W, Sanne I, Stevens WS, Carmona S, (click to view)

Steegen K, Bronze M, Papathanasopoulos MA, van Zyl G, Goedhals D, Variava E, MacLeod W, Sanne I, Stevens WS, Carmona S,

Advertisement
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedIn

The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy 2016 9 22() pii

Abstract
BACKGROUND
Routine HIV-1 antiretroviral drug resistance testing for patients failing NNRTI-based regimens is not recommended in resource-limited settings. Therefore, surveys are required to monitor resistance profiles in patients failing ART.

METHODS
A cross-sectional survey was conducted amongst patients failing NNRTI-based regimens in the public sector throughout South Africa. Virological failure was defined as two consecutive HIV-1 viral load results >1000 RNA copies/mL. Pol sequences were obtained using RT-PCR and Sanger sequencing and submitted to Stanford HIVdb v7.0.1.

RESULTS
A total of 788 sequences were available for analysis. Most patients failed a tenofovir-based NRTI backbone (74.4%) in combination with efavirenz (82.1%) after median treatment duration of 36 months. K103N (48.9%) and V106M (34.9%) were the most common NNRTI mutations. Only one-third of patients retained full susceptibility to second-generation NNRTIs such as etravirine (36.5%) and rilpivirine (27.3%). After M184V/I (82.7%), K65R was the most common NRTI mutation (45.8%). The prevalence of K65R increased to 57.5% in patients failing a tenofovir regimen without prior stavudine exposure. Cross-resistance to NRTIs was often observed, but did not seem to affect the predicted activity of zidovudine as 82.9% of patients remained fully susceptible to this drug.

CONCLUSIONS
The introduction of tenofovir-based first-line regimens has dramatically increased the prevalence of K65R mutations in the HIV-1-infected South African population. However, most patients failing tenofovir-based regimens remained fully susceptible to zidovudine. Based on these data, there is currently no need to change either the recommended first- or second-line ART regimens in South Africa.

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

19 − three =

[ HIDE/SHOW ]