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Moku virus; a new Iflavirus found in wasps, honey bees and Varroa.

Moku virus; a new Iflavirus found in wasps, honey bees and Varroa.
Author Information (click to view)

Mordecai GJ, Brettell LE, Pachori P, Villalobos EM, Martin SJ, Jones IM, Schroeder DC,


Mordecai GJ, Brettell LE, Pachori P, Villalobos EM, Martin SJ, Jones IM, Schroeder DC, (click to view)

Mordecai GJ, Brettell LE, Pachori P, Villalobos EM, Martin SJ, Jones IM, Schroeder DC,

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Scientific reports 2016 Oct 076() 34983 doi 10.1038/srep34983
Abstract

There is an increasing global trend of emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) affecting a wide range of species, including honey bees. The global epidemic of the single stranded RNA Deformed wing virus (DWV), driven by the spread of Varroa destructor has been well documented. However, DWV is just one of many insect RNA viruses which infect a wide range of hosts. Here we report the full genome sequence of a novel Iflavirus named Moku virus (MV), discovered in the social wasp Vespula pensylvanica collected in Hawaii. The novel genome is 10,056 nucleotides long and encodes a polyprotein of 3050 amino acids. Phylogenetic analysis showed that MV is most closely related to Slow bee paralysis virus (SBPV), which is highly virulent in honey bees but rarely detected. Worryingly, MV sequences were also detected in honey bees and Varroa from the same location, suggesting that MV can also infect other hymenopteran and Acari hosts.

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