Vaccine 2016 9 20() pii 10.1016/j.vaccine.2016.09.015
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a major cause of invasive disease in young infants and also in older immunocompromised individuals, including HIV-infected persons. We compared naturally acquired antibody titres to GBS polysaccharide and surface protein antigens in HIV-uninfected and HIV-infected children aged 4-7 years. A multiplex Luminex immunoassay was used to measure IgG concentrations against GBS capsular polysaccharides (CPS) for serotypes Ia, Ib, III and V; and also extracellular localizing proteins which included cell-wall anchored proteins: Fibrinogen binding surface Antigen (FbsA), GBS Immunogenic Bacterial Adhesin (BibA), Surface immunogenic protein (Sip), gbs0393, gbs1356, gbs1539, gbs0392; and lipoproteins gbs0233, gbs2106 and Foldase PsrA. HIV-infected children (n=68) had significantly lower IgG GMT compared to HIV-uninfected (n=77) children against CPS of serotype Ib (p=0.012) and V (p=0.0045), and surface proteins Sip (p<0.001) and gbs2106 (p=0.0014). IgG GMT against GBS surface proteins: FbsA, gbs1539, gbs1356, gbs0392, gbs0393 and Foldase PsrA were significantly higher in HIV-infected children (p<0.004). Moreover, amongst HIV infected children, IgG GMT to GBS surface proteins were higher in those with CD4(+) lymphocyte counts <500cell/μL compared to those who had CD4(+) lymphocyte count ⩾500cell/μL with the exception of Sip. The increased susceptibility to invasive GBS disease in HIV-infected individuals could be due to the lower serotype specific capsular antibody and possibly due to lower antibody to some of the GBS proteins such as Sip and gbs2106.