Advertisement

 

 

Neighborhood-Level Drinking Norms and Alcohol Intervention Outcomes in HIV Patients Who Are Heavy Drinkers.

Neighborhood-Level Drinking Norms and Alcohol Intervention Outcomes in HIV Patients Who Are Heavy Drinkers.
Author Information (click to view)

Elliott JC, Delker E, Wall MM, Feng T, Aharonovich E, Tracy M, Galea S, Ahern J, Sarvet AL, Hasin DS,


Elliott JC, Delker E, Wall MM, Feng T, Aharonovich E, Tracy M, Galea S, Ahern J, Sarvet AL, Hasin DS, (click to view)

Elliott JC, Delker E, Wall MM, Feng T, Aharonovich E, Tracy M, Galea S, Ahern J, Sarvet AL, Hasin DS,

Advertisement
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedIn

Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research 2016 8 20() doi 10.1111/acer.13198

Abstract
BACKGROUND
Heavy alcohol consumption can be harmful, particularly for individuals with HIV. There is substantial variability in response to interventions that aim to reduce drinking. Neighborhood drinking norms may explain some of this variability among HIV-infected patients. Therefore, we investigated whether neighborhood-level drinking norms modified response to alcohol intervention among HIV-infected heavy drinkers.

METHODS
Heavily-drinking HIV comprehensive care patients (n = 230) completed 1 of 3 brief alcohol interventions (an educational intervention, a motivational interviewing [MI] intervention, or an MI intervention with a technological enhancement called HealthCall). Drinking was reported at baseline and end of treatment (60 days). Neighborhood-level drinking norms were obtained from a separate general population study.

RESULTS
Patients’ reductions in drinks per drinking day in response to MI (as compared with the educational control) were more pronounced in neighborhoods with more permissive drinking norms. In contrast, patients’ reductions in drinks per drinking day in response to MI plus HealthCall did not significantly vary between neighborhoods with different drinking norms. Norms did not evidence significant interactions with intervention condition for 3 other exploratory drinking outcomes (drinking frequency, binge frequency, and maximum quantity).

CONCLUSIONS
Neighborhood-level drinking norms help explain differential response to an alcohol MI intervention among HIV-infected patients. This study suggests the utility of considering neighborhood context as an effect modifier of alcohol interventions.

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

2 × 2 =

[ HIDE/SHOW ]