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Progressive outer retinal necrosis syndrome in the course of systemic lupus erythematosus.

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Turno-Kręcicka A, Tomczyk-Socha M, Zimny A,


Turno-Kręcicka A, Tomczyk-Socha M, Zimny A, (click to view)

Turno-Kręcicka A, Tomczyk-Socha M, Zimny A,

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Lupus 2016 5 13() pii

Abstract

Progressive outer retinal necrosis syndrome (PORN) is a severe clinical variant of necrotizing herpetic chorioretinitis, which occurs almost exclusively in patients with advanced acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). To date, only a few cases of PORN have been reported in patients, mostly among those who were immunocompromised. To our knowledge, only one case of PORN in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been described. We report the case of a 44-year old HIV-negative patient with lupus nephritis, whom was being treated by mycophenolate mophetil (MMF), arechin and prednisone. After 14 months of MMF therapy, the patient revealed PORN symptoms; and several months later, the patient developed Type B primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). PORN is usually compared to acute retinal necrosis (ARN) syndrome, because of having the same causative agent: varicella zoster virus (VZV). There are also some similarities in clinical findings. Our observation supports the hypothesis that PORN symptoms in HIV-negative patients can be an intermediate form between ARN and PORN, and can vary according to the patient’s immune status.

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