Recent Features

Insights on “Alarm Fatigue”

Insights on “Alarm Fatigue” | Opinion Article

The term “alarm fatigue” refers to when clinicians are desensitized by alarms, many of which sound off despite being false or clinically irrelevant. As a result, alarm sounds can become background noise and be perceived by clinicians as part of the normal working environment.…

Dating Violence Among Adolescent ED Visits

Dating Violence Among Adolescent ED Visits | Feature

In a recent study, nearly one of six adolescents who seek ED care report recent dating violence and several factors were associated with dating violence. There is a need to develop screening and intervention programs to address this problem.

Lower-Extremity Amputations: Assessing Variations

Lower-Extremity Amputations: Assessing Variations | Opinion Article

Studies have shown that people with diabetes are about 10 times more likely to undergo a lower extremity amputation (LEA) than those without the disease. About 90% of diabetics who undergo an LEA have a pre-existing foot ulcer. Researchers have made many discoveries about how wounds heal, but these innovations have not led to the development of many new products for treating diabetic foot ulcers.…

The Increasing Costs of COPD

The Increasing Costs of COPD | Feature

Research from the CDC indicates that COPD-attributable annual medical costs by payer and absenteeism were substantial in 2010. It is estimated that these costs will increase substantially by 2020.

Previous Respiratory Disease & Lung Cancer

Previous Respiratory Disease & Lung Cancer | Feature

Studies have suggested a relationship between previous respiratory diseases and a lung cancer diagnosis. Most of this research has been conducted in Asian populations and does not account for the high level of co-occurrence that has been observed among different respiratory diseases.…

Elective Major Orthopedic Surgery in Octogenarians

Elective Major Orthopedic Surgery in Octogenarians | Feature

The rate of elective major orthopedic surgical procedures in patients aged 80 and older appears to be increasing, and overall adverse event rates are low. These procedures could be offered to this patient group as long as candidates are willing to accept the slightly higher risks.

Controlling HIV Without Medication

Controlling HIV Without Medication | Opinion Article

Research indicates that about 1% of patients with HIV are able to keep the infection under control without the need for antiretroviral therapy (ART). Dubbed “controllers,” these patients have been thought to hold clues on how to develop a vaccine against HIV because of their unique immune responses.…

Organ Donation in the ED

Organ Donation in the ED | Feature

Emergency physicians (EPs) are at the forefront of efforts to save patients or preserve options for organ donation for those who cannot be saved. On average, 18 Americans die every day while waiting for transplantable organs. Studies suggest that identifying potential organs for donation early from the ED may help increase organ procurement.…

A Look at Pregnancy-Related Attrition in General Surgery

A Look at Pregnancy-Related Attrition in General Surgery | Feature

A study has found that there appears to be no association between female sex and pregnancy-related attrition. Child rearing also did not negatively impact the quality of training. With institutional support, having children during surgical training can and should be accommodated.

Cardiovascular Care for Hispanic Americans

Cardiovascular Care for Hispanic Americans | Feature

A scientific advisory from the American Heart Association identifies Hispanics as a high-risk population for cardiovascular disease with unique factors that can impact heart health. The statement recommends developing culturally relevant strategies that are tailored to Hispanics to engage them in their cardiovascular health.

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