Advertisement

 

 

Retrieval practice as an effective memory strategy in children and adolescents with traumatic brain injury.

Retrieval practice as an effective memory strategy in children and adolescents with traumatic brain injury.
Author Information (click to view)

Coyne JH, Borg JM, DeLuca J, Glass L, Sumowski JF,


Coyne JH, Borg JM, DeLuca J, Glass L, Sumowski JF, (click to view)

Coyne JH, Borg JM, DeLuca J, Glass L, Sumowski JF,

Advertisement
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedIn

Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation 2014 10 1396(4) 742-5 doi 10.1016/j.apmr.2014.09.022

Abstract
OBJECTIVE
To investigate whether retrieval practice (RP) is a more effective memory strategy than restudy in children and adolescents with traumatic brain injury (TBI).

DESIGN
Three × two within-subjects experiment: 3 (learning condition: massed restudy [MR], spaced restudy [SR], retrieval practice [RP]) × 2 (stimulus type: verbal paired associates [VPAs] and face-name pairs [FNPs]). The dependent measure was delayed recall of VPAs and FNPs.

SETTING
Subacute pediatric neurorehabilitation center.

PARTICIPANTS
Pediatric survivors of TBI (N=15) aged 8 to 16 years with below-average memory.

INTERVENTION
During RP, participants were quizzed on to-be-learned information (VPAs and FNPs) shortly after it was presented, such that they practiced retrieval during the learning phase. MR consisted of repeated restudy (tantamount to cramming). SR consisted of restudy trials separated in time (ie, distributed learning).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
Delayed recall of 24 VPAs and 24 FNPs after a 25-minute delay. VPAs and FNPs were equally divided across 3 learning conditions (16 per condition).

RESULTS
There was a large main effect of learning condition on delayed recall (P<.001; ηp(2)=.84), with better mean recall of VPAs and FNPs studied through RP (6.23±1.39) relative to MR (3.60±1.53; P<.001) and SR (4.77±1.39; P<.001). Moreover, RP was the single best learning strategy for every participant. CONCLUSIONS
Memory problems and related academic learning difficulties are common after pediatric TBI. Herein, we identify RP as a promising and simple strategy to support learning and improve memory in children and adolescents with TBI. Our experimental findings were quite robust and set the stage for subsequent randomized controlled trials of RP in pediatric TBI.

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

3 × one =

[ HIDE/SHOW ]