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[RIT1: a novel gene associated with Noonan syndrome].

[RIT1: a novel gene associated with Noonan syndrome].
Author Information (click to view)

Arroyo-Carrera I, Solo de Zaldivar-Tristancho M, Martin-Fernandez R, Vera-Torres M, Gonzalez de Buitrago-Amigo JF, Botet-Rodriguez J,


Arroyo-Carrera I, Solo de Zaldivar-Tristancho M, Martin-Fernandez R, Vera-Torres M, Gonzalez de Buitrago-Amigo JF, Botet-Rodriguez J, (click to view)

Arroyo-Carrera I, Solo de Zaldivar-Tristancho M, Martin-Fernandez R, Vera-Torres M, Gonzalez de Buitrago-Amigo JF, Botet-Rodriguez J,

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Revista de neurologia 63(8) 358-362

Abstract
INTRODUCTION
Noonan syndrome is the most frequent of the congenital group of malformation syndromes caused by germline mutations that encode components of the RAS/MAPK pathway, termed RASopathies, one of the most frequent congenital genetic disorders in the clinical practice. Recently RIT1 mutations have been reported in patients with Noonan syndrome.

CASE REPORT
A 7 years-old girl with a clinical diagnosis of Noonan syndrome, and with a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy included in her clinical manifestations, where a de novo heterozygous, probably pathogenic, novel mutation in RIT1, c.295T>C (p.Phe99Leu), has been identified.

CONCLUSIONS
RIT1 shares homology with other RAS proteins and the expression of mutant alleles demonstrates a gain-of-function effect supporting a causative role in Noonan syndrome pathogenesis. Data suggest that the frequency of RIT1 mutations can be estimated as 3-5% in Noonan syndrome patients. These cases compared with Noonan patients harboring mutations in other genes are characterized by high frequency of prenatal abnormalities and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and lower frequencies of short stature and pectus abnormalities. We emphasize the importance of the novel identified genes in order to be included in the diagnostic panels.

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