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Shorten Medical School to 3 Years? | Guest Blog

Here's a better solution. Who says that medical students need to have a bachelor's degree in anything?

I say, “No.” Here’s why.

There is way too much to learn in 3 years. Unless medical education is radically changed, it will be impossible for students to memorize all the unnecessary stuff they still have to memorize, complete all their clerkships, and move onto the next phase—residency training.

I do not see how medical students can choose a career path before they have had experience with rotations in all of the major specialties. I have had numerous queries from students in 4-year schools who do not know what they want to specialize in even by the first part of their fourth year.

I am aware that the fourth year of medical school currently is not productive. However, the amount of time needed for students to choose their specialties and interview at about 15 different residency programs could not possibly be squeezed into the third year of a 3-year program.

Some have said that shortening medical school to 3 years would increase the number of doctors produced. That would be true for 1 year when schools would graduate two classes, the 3-year and 4-year groups. But after that year, the same number of students would graduate from school as did so when the length of time was 4 years.

By the way, that year with the double graduating classes would be difficult to manage because there is already a predicted shortage of residency positions by 2015. This is due to the federal government’s cap on the funding of resident positions. Graduating 40,000 medical students at the same time when only about 19,000 residency slots are available would be chaotic.

Here’s a better solution.

The length of time it takes to become a doctor could be shortened by simply not mandating that every medical student have a 4-year undergraduate degree before starting medical school.

Who says that medical students need to have a bachelor’s degree in anything? If, for some reason, that is still desired, students could attend college through the summers to pick up enough credits for a degree.

A few medical schools in the United States have had accelerated programs in place for many years. For example, a program jointly run by Penn State University and Jefferson Medical College graduates doctors with both BS and MD degrees in 6 or 7 years. It’s been around since 1964. A longitudinal study over 26 years showed that doctors who completed that accelerated program performed at a level indistinguishable from traditional 8-year graduates.

A recent compilation lists about 17 college/medical schools (of 140 or so MD-granting medical schools in the US) with similar accelerated programs.

Shortening or accelerating the undergraduate experience would save a year or 2 of tuition expense, accomplish the desired saving of time, and not disrupt the 4-year med school cycle.

Of course, this will not get any further than Physician’s Weekly because I am not a good old boy with any influence on those who run medical education.

Skeptical Scalpel is a recently retired surgeon and was a surgical department chairman and residency program director for many years. He is board-certified in general surgery and a surgical sub-specialty and has re-certified in both several times. For the last three years, he has been blogging at SkepticalScalpel.blogspot.com and tweeting as @SkepticScalpel. His blog averages over 1000 page views per day, and he has over 7300 followers on Twitter.


  • Gary Cummings, RN,MS says:

    This is an interesting article. I agree with some of the sentiment and facts, that we could graduate more MD’s more cost effectively. But at what other costs? I want a well rounded MD/DO as my physician, who is more than a “technician” or medical mechanic. I believe a Bachelor degree is very important, but I think that the first two years of college are a waste, as the basic subjects once has taken in high school are repeated. For those going on to Med School, the first 2 years of a BS program should be waived, and then med school should be shorted to 3 years for PCP’s. Those who want to specialize could have that 4th year to explore various specialties.

    With my plan, the med school could produce an MD/PCP in 5 years, counting 2 years of BS work and 3 years of med school. This would save a lot of expense.

    Gary Cummings, RN,MS
    Clinical Director

    • SkepticalScalpel says:

      Interesting plan, but I’m not sure how cutting out 2 years of college would result in a more well-rounded physician. Shortening med school for PCPs might work. Some schools are trying that out.

  • Historian says:

    Does no one remember that this was tried before?




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