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Structural optimization of pyridine-type DAPY derivatives to exploit the tolerant regions of the NNRTI binding pocket.

Structural optimization of pyridine-type DAPY derivatives to exploit the tolerant regions of the NNRTI binding pocket.
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Chen W, Zhan P, Daelemans D, Yang J, Huang B, De Clercq E, Pannecouque C, Liu X,


Chen W, Zhan P, Daelemans D, Yang J, Huang B, De Clercq E, Pannecouque C, Liu X, (click to view)

Chen W, Zhan P, Daelemans D, Yang J, Huang B, De Clercq E, Pannecouque C, Liu X,

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European journal of medicinal chemistry 2016 05 25121() 352-63 doi 10.1016/j.ejmech.2016.05.054

Abstract

Based on the crystallographic studies of diarylpyrimidines (DAPYs), we embarked on incorporating the hydrophilic piperidyl or morpholinyl group into the known DAPY derivatives bearing the pyridine moiety as a core structure, with the double aim to exploit additional interactions with the HIV-1 NNRTI binding pocket (NNIBP), as well as to improve the compound solubility. The antiviral evaluation result show that the most potent compounds I-8b2, I-8b3, I-8b4 and I-8c3 exhibited anti-HIV-1 (IIIB) strain activity ranging from 7.4 nM to 9.4 nM (SI = 168-1283), superior to FDA-approved drugs of nevirapine (NVP), lamivudine (3TC) and delavirdine (DLV), and comparable to etravirine (ETV), zidovudine (AZT) and efavirenz (EFV). Additionally, compounds I-8c2 and I-8c3 showed moderate activity against NNRTI resistant strains baring mutations K103N and Y181C with EC50 values of 6.2 μM and 6.8 μM, respectively. Preliminary structure-activity relationships (SARs), reverse transcriptase inhibition efficacy and molecular modeling of selected compounds are also presented. These outcomes support our design hypothesis and demonstrate that the piperidyl group modified pyridine-typed DAPY derivatives are highly potent NNRTIs with improved water solubility.

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