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Diabetes Prevalence & Trends: An Update

Diabetes Prevalence & Trends: An Update

This Physician’s Weekly feature updating the prevalence of diabetes and associated trends was completed in cooperation with the experts at the American Diabetes Association. According to recent data, diabetes continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States, costing an estimated $245 billion due to greater use of healthcare resources and lost productivity. Recent analysis of the scope of both diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes in the U.S. gives new perspectives on where the challenges and opportunities lie in changing the course of the disease. New Data In a recent study published in JAMA, investigators estimated the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes, undiagnosed diabetes, and total diabetes (diagnosed plus undiagnosed populations) using data collected in the 1988-1994 and the 1999-2000 to 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES). “Research shows that the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes and undiagnosed diabetes has increased in the U.S. during the past few decades,” says Matt Petersen. “We now have new survey data available to estimate diabetes prevalence and trends, including data on minority populations that we haven’t had before. This information can help clinicians identify areas of unmet need and determine where to dedicate available resources to improve outcomes and enhance quality of life for patients living with the disease.” For the study, the authors used data from 2,781 adults from NHANES 2011-2012 to estimate the recent prevalence of diabetes and an additional 23,634 adults from 1988-2010 to examine long-term trends. “These data can help healthcare providers examine changes over time and gain a better understanding of current patient demographics,” explains Petersen. For the analysis, the research team defined...
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