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Conference Highlights: Anesthesiology 2016

Conference Highlights: Anesthesiology 2016

Preoperative Anxiety Among Latinos While preoperative anxiety is common and studies have shown that culture and religion can influence these feelings, data are lacking on self-reported changes in anxiety among Latino patients in the preoperative waiting area. For a study, researchers evaluated the baseline and situational anxiety levels of patients scheduled to undergo anesthesia for elective surgery. Patients were grouped into those who were English-speaking Caucasians, English-speaking Latinos, and Spanish-speaking Latinos. No significant differences in baseline anxiety were observed between patient groups. However, Spanish-speaking patients were significantly more likely to experience higher situational anxiety than the English-Speaking Caucasian group. Spanish-speaking patients also had higher anxiety levels than English-speaking Latinos. —————————————————————-   Increasing Patient Compliance With Preoperative Medications Day-of-surgery hospital admission for elective surgery can reduce bed occupancy, but this practice relies on patients to ensure that they are appropriately prepared based upon advice from their pre-assessment visits at clinics. Medication errors made by patients in these situations can cause harm or discomfort or may lead to a cancellation of their operation. Participants in a study who were undergoing elective orthopedic surgery were randomized to receive verbal instructions or a newly implemented, simple medication instruction sheet in a pre-assessment clinic. Patients were evaluated based on the error rate at which they were taking their regular medications before surgery. The researchers observed the following: Instruction sheet Verbal instructions Proper continuation or omission of medications 74% 54% Incorrect omission of medications 25% 42% Incorrect continuation of medication 2% 6% —————————————————————-     Improving Outcomes With PSHs The perioperative surgical home (PSH) is a patient-centered, team-based model of care designed to guide patients...
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