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Conference Highlights: ATS 2016

Conference Highlights: ATS 2016

A Novel Approach to Reducing COPD Readmissions Motivational interviewing is a health coaching, goal-oriented, client-centered counseling style for eliciting behavior changes. In order to determine if this intervention may reduce short-term COPD readmissions, researchers randomized hospitalized patients with COPD to standard care or health coaching and followed them for 1 year. Health coaching included at least one session in the hospital and one session after patients were discharged. The intervention group also received weekly phone-based sessions for 3 months and then monthly thereafter. Among patients who received the health coaching intervention, COPD-related readmissions were cut by 7.5% in the first month and 11.0% at 3 and 6 months, when compared with the standard care group. —————————————————————-   Home- Vs Hospital-Based Pulmonary Rehab Studies have shown that pulmonary rehabilitation improves exercise capacity and symptoms and helps reduce readmission rates in patients with COPD. However, data indicate that less than 10% of COPD patients enter a pulmonary rehab program. Home-based pulmonary rehab may improve participation by avoiding the need for patients who are short of breath to travel to a hospital or other facility. For a study, investigators compared an 8-week, at-home pulmonary rehab program with their hospital’s standard program. Costs were similar for both programs. Immediately following the 8 weeks, results on all measures were comparable between the two groups. However, neither group retained primary or secondary gains at 12 months. —————————————————————-   Cardiopulmonary Fitness & Lung Health Research on factors associated with lung health and age has focused mostly on smoking. Whether cardiopulmonary fitness among young adults is associated with the preservation of lung health over time has yet...
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