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Conference Highlights: CHEST 2016

Conference Highlights: CHEST 2016

New research was presented at CHEST 2016, the annual international scientific assembly of the American College of Chest Physicians, from October 22 to 26, 2016 in Los Angeles. The features below highlight some of the studies emerging from the conference. —————————————————————-   Sleep & COPD Worsen Together Prior research has linked poor sleep quality to reductions in health-related quality of life (QOL) among patients with COPD. To gain more insight into this relationship, researchers conducted a study in which patients with stable COPD and a mean age of 63 completed multiple questionnaires and pulmonary function tests. Patients were then categorized as having mild, moderate, or severe COPD. Quality of sleep was poor in all participants and worsened with COPD progression. The following patient factors were associated with decreasing QOL: COPD severity. Female gender. Sleep quality. —————————————————————-   Diagnosing Pulmonary Embolism With Bedside Ultrasound Point-of-care ultrasound to test for pulmonary embolism (PE) is typically conducted by cardiologists, but these specialists are often unavailable. Time is of the essence when diagnosing and treating PE. A study sought to determine if pulmonary and critical care fellows could appropriately perform point-of-care ultrasounds for PE. Investigators asked fellows who attended a 30-day introductory course on this testing modality to evaluate right ventricular size and function at the bedside of 60 patients. Overall, their diagnostic accuracy was about 80%. Intensivists achieved accuracies higher than 90% in many cases. On average, point-of-care ultrasound was performed 1 day earlier than transthoracic echocardiogram in the analysis. —————————————————————-   Bronchiecstasis Common in COPD Previous research into the importance of bronchiectasis among patients with COPD has provided mixed results. For...
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