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Career Plans Among Internal Medicine Residents

Career Plans Among Internal Medicine Residents

General internists are expected to play a pivotal role in providing healthcare as the population ages, the burden of chronic disease grows, and healthcare reform tries to improve coverage for millions of currently uninsured patients. Studies suggest that only 20% to 25% of internal medicine (IM) residency grad­uates pursue general medical careers. Complicating the problem is that fewer medical students appear to be interested in general medicine and primary care. Career Plans Among Internal Medicine Residents It’s unclear to what degree primary care training program graduates favor general IM careers, and few studies have explored how career plans may differ across sociodemographic factors. In JAMA, Denise M. Dupras, MD, PhD, and I had a study published that looked at the career plans of IM residents by training program, sex, and medical school location. We also looked at how career plans evolved during training. According to our results, graduates of primary care IM training programs, women, and medical school graduates were more likely than their counterparts to report generalist career plans. These residents were also more likely to remain interested in generalist careers over the course of their training. However, general medicine career plans were less common than subspecialty career plans in each of these groups. The small number of IM residents reporting plans for generalist careers means that only a limited number of generalists can be expected to enter practice each year. Serious Implications on General Internal Medicine Overall, only one in five IM graduates planned a career in general internal medicine. Even in primary care IM residency programs that are dedicated to generalist and primary care training, most graduates still...
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