Dealing With Diabetes & Depression

Rates of depression are significantly higher for patients with diabetes, especially those who are elderly, when compared with people without diabetes. About 20% to 30% of patients with diabetes suffer from clinically relevant depressive disorders. “Depression can worsen glycemic control in those with diabetes,” says Jason C. Baker, MD. Research suggests depression is associated with a higher risk of developing diabetes complications and adverse outcomes. Conversely, improving depressive symptoms has been shown to lead to better glycemic control. “Depression can result in reduced physical activity and a greater need for medical care and prescriptions, which in turn can increase healthcare costs and worsen quality of life,” Dr. Baker says. “In order to improve the management of patients with these two conditions, it’s imperative that healthcare providers be aware of this link and its consequences.” He adds that effective pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatments are available and may be of benefit in some situations. Routine Screening The stress of managing diabetes on a daily basis and the effects of the disease on the brain may contribute to depression, according to Dr. Baker. “There are multiple factors that may be at play, but one of the most important things clinicians can do is screen patients with diabetes for depression,” he says. “Oftentimes, physicians focus solely on the chief complaint or on A1C, blood pressure, and cholesterol numbers. We need to take a more holistic approach and be vigilant about seeking out depression or other mental health problems. This should become a routine part of all diabetes care.” Dr. Baker says that it can be challenging to address depression when managing patients with...