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Enhancing Diabetes Knowledge in Patients

Enhancing Diabetes Knowledge in Patients

The National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP) was established, in part, to improve treatment and outcomes for people with diabetes by increasing knowledge of A1C, blood pressure (BP), and LDL cholesterol; together, these components make up the “ABCs” of diabetes. Few studies, however, have explored patient knowledge of their ABC levels and the association between having this knowledge and adhering to treatment recommendations for each of the ABC components. ABC Diabetes Knowledge From Patients Still Lacking In Diabetes Care, my colleagues and I had a study published in which we sought to assess patient knowledge of ABC levels and the association between this knowledge and meeting the ABC target goals. We also evaluated the association between specific demographic and diabetes-related factors and ABC knowledge. The purpose was to see if these data could help physicians and researchers identify high-risk patients who had particularly low knowledge.   According to our findings, knowledge of the ABCs was suboptimal. Among patients with diabetes, our data showed that: 48% could report their last A1C level. 63% could report their BP level. 22% could report their last LDL level. Knowledge was lower among Mexican Americans when compared with non-Hispanic whites and in people with less income and education. Having routine foot exams performed by physicians in the past year was associated with higher A1C knowledge. Nearly 20% of study participants reported that their healthcare provider did not specify an A1C goal. About three of every five participants reported that they were not informed of their BP or LDL cholesterol goals (47% and 41%, respectively). Significant Implications on Controlling Diabetes Physician communication of the ABC goals...
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