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The Daily Relationship Between Aspects of Food Insecurity and Medication Adherence Among People Living with HIV with Recent Experiences of Hunger.

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Pellowski JA, Kalichman SC, Cherry S, Conway-Washington C, Cherry C, Grebler T, Krug L,


Pellowski JA, Kalichman SC, Cherry S, Conway-Washington C, Cherry C, Grebler T, Krug L, (click to view)

Pellowski JA, Kalichman SC, Cherry S, Conway-Washington C, Cherry C, Grebler T, Krug L,

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Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine 2016 6 22()

Abstract
BACKGROUND
Limited access to resources can significantly impact health behaviors. Previous research on food insecurity and HIV has focused on establishing the relationship between lacking access to nutritious food and antiretroviral (ARV) medication non-adherence in a variety of social contexts.

PURPOSE
This study aims to determine if several aspects of food insecurity co-occur with missed doses of medication on a daily basis among a sample of people living with HIV who have recently experienced hunger.

METHODS
The current study utilized a prospective, observational design to test the daily relationship between food insecurity and medication non-adherence. Participants were followed for 45 days and completed daily assessments of food insecurity and alcohol use via interactive text message surveys and electronic medication adherence monitoring using the Wisepill.

RESULTS
Fifty-nine men and women living with HIV contributed a total of 2,655 days of data. Results showed that severe food insecurity (i.e., hunger), but not less severe food insecurity (i.e., worrying about having food), significantly predicted missed doses of medication on a daily level. Daily alcohol use moderated this relationship in an unexpected way; when individuals were hungry and drank alcohol on a given day, they were less likely to miss a dose of medication.

CONCLUSIONS
Among people living with HIV with recent experiences of hunger, this study demonstrates that there is a daily relationship between hunger and non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy. Future research is needed to test interventions designed to directly address the daily relationship between food insecurity and medication non-adherence.

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