The human immunodeficiency virus interacts with the cluster of differentiation 4 receptors and one of the two chemokine receptors (CCR5 and CXCR4) to gain entry in human cells. Both the co-receptors are essential for viral entry, replication, and are considered critical targets for antiviral drugs. In this study, bioactive molecules from different Himalayan plants were screened considering their potential to bind with the CCR5 and CXCR4 co-receptors. We utilized computational and thermodynamic parameters to validate the binding of the selected biomolecules to the active site of the co-receptors. The molecules Butyl 2-ethylhexyl phthalate and Dactylorhin-A showed a higher binding affinity with CCR5 co-receptor than the standard antagonist Maraviroc. Moreover, Pseudohypericin, Amarogentin, and Dactylorhin-E exhibited stronger interactions with CXCR4 than the co-crystallized inhibitor Isothiourea-1 t. Hence, we suggest that these molecules could be developed as potential inhibitors of the CCR5 and CXCR4 co-receptors. However, this require further in-vitro and in-vivo validation.
About The Expert
Vijay Kumar Bhardwaj