Present study addresses the challenge of incorporating hydrophilic streptomycin sulphate (STRS; log P -6.4) with high dose (1g/day) into a lipid matrix of SLNs. Cold high-pressure homogenization technique used for SLN preparation achieved 30% drug loading and 51.17±0.95 % entrapment efficiency. Polyethylene glycol 600 as a supporting-surfactant assigned small size (218.1±15.46 nm) and mucus-penetrating property. It was conceived to administer STRS-SLNs orally rather than intramuscularly. STRS-SLNs remained stable on incubation for varying times in SGF or SIF. STRS-SLNs were extensively characterised for microscopic (TEM and AFM), thermal (DSC), diffraction (XRD) and spectroscopic (NMR and FTIR) properties and showed zero-order controlled release. Enhanced (60 times) intracellular uptake was observed in THP-1 and Pgp expressing LoVo and DLD-1 cell lines, using fluorescein-SLNs. Presence of SLNs in LoVo cells was also revealed by TEM studies. STRS-SLNs showed 3 times reduction in MIC against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37RV (256182) in comparison to free STRS. It also showed better activity against both M. bovis BCG and Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37RV (272994) in comparison to free STRS. Cytotoxicity and acute toxicity studies (OECD 425 guidelines) confirmed in vitro and in vivo safety of STRS-SLNs. Single-dose oral pharmacokinetic studies in rat plasma using validated LCMS/MS technique or the microbioassay showed significant oral absorption and bioavailability (160 % – 710% increase than free drug).