P-glycoprotein (P-gp), is an important efflux pump involved in chemotherapy resistance in human colon cancer. We investigated the efficacy of itraconazole as a P-gp inhibitor and its therapeutic synergistic relationship to paclitaxel through Tc-MIBI accumulation in HT-29 tumor-bearing nude mice. Histopathological screening along with in vitro experiments was done for further assessment. Itraconazole successfully inhibited P-gp mediated Tc-MIBI efflux, increasing its in vitro accumulation in itraconazole-receiving dishes. Notably, the co-administration of itraconazole with paclitaxel significantly enhanced the in vitro cytotoxicity effect of paclitaxel in itraconazole + paclitaxel wells containing HT-29 cells. Compared to the control, tumor volume in mice treated with itraconazole, paclitaxel and itraconazole +paclitaxel showed growth suppression approximately by 36.21, 60.02, and 73.3% respectively. And compared to paclitaxel group, the nude mice co-treated with paclitaxel and itraconazole showed suppression of tumor growth by about 33.31 % at the end of the treatment period. Also the biodistribution result showed that the co-administration of itraconazole with paclitaxel raised the mean tumor radioactivity accumulation compared to control and paclitaxel group. When given paclitaxel alone, the ID% of hepatic and cardiac tissue was reduced while co-administration of itraconazole with paclitaxel increased Tc-MIBI accumulation in these organs. Furthermore, the histopathological findings confirmed the biodistribution results. These results demonstrate that although monotherapy with itraconazole or paclitaxel has anti-tumor activity against HT-29 human colorectal cancer, a synergistic anti-tumor activity can be achieved when itraconazole is co-administered with paclitaxel. Also, Tc-MIBI is an effective radiotracer for monitoring response to treatment in MDR tumors.