To present the Portuguese results of a multi-country cross-sectional survey aiming to estimate productivity loss in the first year after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or stroke.
Patients previously hospitalized for ACS or stroke were enrolled during a routine cardiology/neurology visit 3-12 months after the index event and ≥4 weeks after returning to work. Productivity loss for the patient and the caregiver in the previous four weeks were reported by the patient using the validated iMTA Productivity Cost Questionnaire (iPCQ). Hours lost were converted into eight-hour work days and prorated to one year, combined with initial hospitalization and sick leave, and valued according to Portuguese labor costs.
The analysis included 39 employed patients with ACS (mean age 51 years, 80% men, 95% with myocardial infarction, mean left ventricular ejection fraction 55%) and 31 with stroke (mean age 50 years, 80% men, all ischemic, 77% with modified Rankin Scale 0-1); 41% of ACS and 10% of stroke patients had a history of cardiovascular disease. Mean (SD) productivity loss for patients and caregivers was 47 (62) work days for ACS and 76 (101) work days for stroke. ACS patients lost 37 (39) and caregivers lost 10 (42) work days. Stroke patients and caregivers lost 65 (78) and 12 (38) work days, respectively. Total mean indirect cost per case was €5403 (€7095) and €8726 (€11558) for employed patients with ACS and stroke, respectively.
The annual proportions of productive time lost by employed patients due to ACS and stroke in Portugal were 17% and 27%, respectively. Caregivers of these patients lost about 5% of their annual productive time.