Melanoma is considered to be one of the most aggressive human tumors. Thus, early molecular diagnosis with risk factor stratification could be an efficacious strategy to increase the survival rates in affected patients. Murine cell lines B16-F1, B16-4A5, and S91 clone M3 are the ones most commonly applied in melanoma research. However, genetic peculiarities of these 3 cell lines have not been studied in detail before. Here, we closed this gap by molecular cytogenetic and array-comparative genomic hybridization studies and the translation of the characterized imbalances into the human genome. This study revealed severely rearranged karyotypes with in parts similar imbalances for all 3 cell lines. Interestingly, they involve genes known to play major roles in human melanoma. These are specifically the oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, being associated with aggressive forms of melanoma. B16-F1, B16-4A5, and S91 clone M3 revealed aberrations which were similarly observed in human eye and skin but not in human uveal melanoma. Thus, they can be considered as model systems for advanced eye and skin melanoma.
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