To assess the influence of the frequency of retinal protective therapy courses on the indicators of regional hemodynamics of the eye.
The study included 17 patients (34 eyes) with a diagnosis of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), advanced stage. The patients were divided into 2 groups: the first group received a course of retinal protective therapy with Retinalamin every 3 months, the second group received a course of retinal protective therapy with Retinalamin every 6 months. All patients underwent standard ophthalmological examination including standard automatic perimetry according to the 24-2 program, optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) of the macular area and optic disc.
The comparison of hemodynamic parameters of all vascular plexuses of the retina at the beginning and at the end of the study, as well as intergroup comparison did not reveal any statistically significant differences (>0.05). However, when studying the density and fractal dimension of the vascular bed, multidirectional trends were observed. Specifically, in the peripapillary region, there was a decrease in the length from 19.8 (1/mm) to 19.0 (1/mm) (=0.37) and the density from 36.6% to 35.7% (=0.63) of the vascular bed of the peripapillary capillary plexus of the retina in patients of the first group. In the superficial vascular plexus, the trend in the density of the vascular bed in both groups slightly changed (in group 1 – 38.1% and 38.3%, =0.97; group 2 – 37.8% and 38.7%, =0.46). The fractal dimension of the vascular bed in the first group tended to increase during treatment from 18.8 (1/mm) to 19.1 (1/mm) (=0.5), while in the second group, on the contrary, it had tendency to decrease from 18.6 (1/mm) to 17.9 (1/mm) (=0.63). In the deep vascular plexus, the density of the vascular bed trended to decrease in both groups, but in group 2 (42.5% and 42.4%, =1.0) it was more pronounced than in the first group (42.5% and 42.6%, =0.82). However, the fractal dimension of the vascular bed increased in group 1 (21.0 (1/mm) and 21.3 (1/mm), =0.43) and showed a slight tendency to decrease in group 2 (21.5 (1/mm) and 21.0 (1/mm), =0.86).
The general trend of changes in hemodynamic parameters demonstrates a potential positive effect, especially in the data related to the deep vascular plexus.