We report herein design and synthesis of a new series of 3,7-bis-benzylidenes of ciprofloxacin. Most of the target compounds revealed good cytotoxic activity; the most potent 4e and 4i achieved strong broad spectrum antiproliferative activity with comparable activity to Doxorubicin with IC (M) of 1.21 ± 0.02, 0.87 ± 0.04, 1.21 ± 0.02; 0.41 ± 0.02, 0.57 ± 0.06, 1.31 ± 0.04 and 1.26 ± 0.01, 1.79 ± 0.04, 0.63 ± 0.01 against leukemia cancer cell line HL-60 (TB), colon cancer cell line HCT-116 and breast cancer cell line MCF7, respectively. Moreover, the most potent derivative 4i induced apoptosis at G2/M phase Investigating the mechanism of action of compounds 4e, 4 h and 4i exhibited promising dual TOP Iα and TOP IIB % inhibition comparable to Camptothecin and Etoposide; respectively. Docking of 4e, 4 h and 4i into the active site of topo I and II proteins compared to Camptothein and Etoposide revealed acceptable binding score and augmented enzyme assay data. Hence, 4e and 4i are promising targeted antiproliferative dual acting TOP Iα TOP IIB inhibitors that require further optimization.
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