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4-(E)-{(p-tolylimino)-methylbenzene-1,2-diol} (TIMBD) suppresses HIV1-gp120 mediated production of IL6 and IL8 but not CCL5.

4-(E)-{(p-tolylimino)-methylbenzene-1,2-diol} (TIMBD) suppresses HIV1-gp120 mediated production of IL6 and IL8 but not CCL5.
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Abdalla F, Nookala A, Padhye SB, Kumar A, Bhat HK,


Abdalla F, Nookala A, Padhye SB, Kumar A, Bhat HK, (click to view)

Abdalla F, Nookala A, Padhye SB, Kumar A, Bhat HK,

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Scientific reports 2017 08 157(1) 8129 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-08332-z
Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has been associated with inflammatory effects that may potentially result in neurodegenerative changes and a number of newer chemotherapeutic agents are being tested to ameliorate these effects. In this study, we investigated the anti-neuroinflammatory activity of a novel resveratrol analog 4-(E)-{(p-tolylimino)-methylbenzene-1,2-diol} (TIMBD) against HIV1-gp120 induced neuroinflammation in SVG astrocytes. SVG astrocytic cells were pretreated with TIMBD or resveratrol (RES) and then transfected with a plasmid encoding HIV1-gp120. The mRNA and protein expression levels of proinflammatory cytokines IL6, IL8 and CCL5 were determined. Protein expression levels of NF-κB, AP1, p-STAT3, p-AKT, p-IKKs and p-p38 MAPK were also determined. TIMBD inhibited gp120-induced RNA and protein expression levels of IL6 and IL8, but not that of CCL5 in SVG astrocytes. Moreover, TIMBD attenuated gp120-induced phosphorylation of cJUN, cFOS, STAT3, p38-MAPK, AKT and IKKs, and the nuclear translocation of NF-κB p-65 subunit whereas RES mostly affected NF-κB protein expression levels. Our results suggest that TIMBD exerts anti-inflammatory effects better than that of RES in SVG astrocytes in vitro. These effects seem to be regulated by AP1, STAT-3 and NF-κB signaling pathways. TIMBD may thus have a potential of being a novel agent for treating HIV1-gp120-mediated neuroinflammatory diseases.

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