In January, the Surviving Sepsis Guidelines updates were released and published.
Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that affects more than 1 million patients a year in the United States and even more patients around the globe and is one of the leading causes of death. Since the Declaration of Barcelona in 2002, the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine and the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) have launched several initiatives to decrease the mortality of patients with sepsis.
The Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) was launched in 2002 and has a 7-point agenda: building awareness of sepsis, improving diagnosis and recognition, defining and increasing the use of appropriate treatment and care, educating health care professionals, improving post–intensive care unit care, developing guidelines of care, and implementing a performance improvement program. The new guidelines were written by a committee of 55 experts representing 25 international organizations. They provided 93 recommendations on early management of sepsis and septic shock. Here are five key points, according to Becker Hospital Review:
- The most important changes came in the areas of antibiotic therapy and initial resuscitation, according to a January JAMA article.
- The new initial resuscitation guidelines now recommend using hemodynamic assessment for further fluid administration as well as for determining the type of shock if the clinical diagnosis does not lead to clear diagnosis. Previously, initial resuscitation guidelines were based on early goal-directed therapy, which is no longer recommended.
- New guidelines recommending using dynamic over static variables to predict fluid responsiveness. “This is a significant change,” according to the JAMA article. “The guidelines moved from a protocolized, quantitative resuscitation strategy to a more patient-centered resuscitation approach guided by hemodynamic assessment including dynamic variables for fluid responsiveness and ongoing reevaluation of the response to treatment.”
- The updated guidelines call for antibiotics to be administered as soon as possible within one hour, as studies show delay in antibiotic treatment can lead to increased risk of death.
- The new guidelines also address combination therapy, or using two different classes of antibiotics to cover a pathogen sensitive to both. Doing so is not recommended for routine treatment of neutropenic sepsis, but it can be done with patients who are in septic shock.
- Sepsis Guidelines Improve Patient Care in ER
- Thioredoxin a novel biomarker of post-injury sepsis.
- Contemporary approaches to the rapid molecular diagnosis of sepsis.
- Hydrocortisone Doesn’t Cut Risk of Septic Shock in Sepsis