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A 3D navigation template for guiding a unilateral lumbar pedicle screw with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation: a study protocol for multicentre randomised controlled trials.

A 3D navigation template for guiding a unilateral lumbar pedicle screw with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation: a study protocol for multicentre randomised controlled trials.
Author Information (click to view)

Shao ZX, He W, He SQ, Lin SL, Huang ZY, Tang HC, Ni WF, Wang XY, Wu AM,


Shao ZX, He W, He SQ, Lin SL, Huang ZY, Tang HC, Ni WF, Wang XY, Wu AM, (click to view)

Shao ZX, He W, He SQ, Lin SL, Huang ZY, Tang HC, Ni WF, Wang XY, Wu AM,

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BMJ open 2017 07 217(7) e016328 doi 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016328
Abstract
INTRODUCTION
The incidence of lumbar disc degeneration disease has increased in recent years. Lumbar interbody fusion using two unilateral pedicle screws and a translaminar facet screw fixation has advantages of minimal invasiveness and lower costs compared with the traditional methods. Moreover, a method guided by a three-dimensional (3D) navigation template may help us improve the surgical accuracy and the success rate. This is the first randomised study using a 3D navigation template to guide a unilateral lumbar pedicle screw with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation.

METHODS AND ANALYSIS
Patients who meet the criteria of the surgery will be randomly divided into experimental groups and control groups by a computer-generated randomisation schedule. We will preoperatively design an individual 3D navigation template using CATIA software and MeditoolCreate. The following primary outcomes will be collected: screw angles compared with the optimal screw trajectories in 3D digital images, length of the wound incision, operative time, intraoperative blood loss and complications. The following secondary outcomes will be collected: visual analogue scale (VAS) for back pain, VAS for leg pain and the Oswestry Disability Index. These parameters will be evaluated on day 1 and then 3, 6, 12 and 24 months postoperatively.

ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION
The study has been reviewed and approved by the institutional ethics review board of the Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children’s Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University. The results will be presented at scientific communities and peer-reviewed journals.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER
ChiCTR-IDR-17010466.

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