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A candidate functional SNP rs7074440 in TCF7L2 alters gene expression through C-FOS in hepatocytes.

A candidate functional SNP rs7074440 in TCF7L2 alters gene expression through C-FOS in hepatocytes.
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Piao X, Yahagi N, Takeuchi Y, Aita Y, Murayama Y, Sawada Y, Shikama A, Masuda Y, Nishi-Tatsumi M, Kubota M, Izumida Y, Sekiya M, Matsuzaka T, Nakagawa Y, Sugano Y, Iwasaki H, Kobayashi K, Yatoh S, Suzuki H, Yagyu H, Kawakami Y, Shimano H,


Piao X, Yahagi N, Takeuchi Y, Aita Y, Murayama Y, Sawada Y, Shikama A, Masuda Y, Nishi-Tatsumi M, Kubota M, Izumida Y, Sekiya M, Matsuzaka T, Nakagawa Y, Sugano Y, Iwasaki H, Kobayashi K, Yatoh S, Suzuki H, Yagyu H, Kawakami Y, Shimano H, (click to view)

Piao X, Yahagi N, Takeuchi Y, Aita Y, Murayama Y, Sawada Y, Shikama A, Masuda Y, Nishi-Tatsumi M, Kubota M, Izumida Y, Sekiya M, Matsuzaka T, Nakagawa Y, Sugano Y, Iwasaki H, Kobayashi K, Yatoh S, Suzuki H, Yagyu H, Kawakami Y, Shimano H,

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FEBS letters 2018 01 13() doi 10.1002/1873-3468.12975
Abstract

The SNP rs7903146 at the transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) locus is established as the strongest known genetic marker for type 2 diabetes via genome-wide association studies. However, the functional SNPs regulating TCF7L2 expression remain unclear. Here we show that the SNP rs7074440 is a candidate functional SNP highly linked with rs7903146. A reporter plasmid with rs7074440 normal allele sequence exhibited 15-fold higher luciferase activity compared with risk allele sequence in hepatocytes, demonstrating a strong enhancer activity at rs7074440. Additionally, we identified C-FOS as an activator binding to the rs7074440 enhancer using a TFEL genome-wide screen method. Consistently, knockdown of C-FOS significantly reduced TCF7L2 expression in hepatocytes. Collectively, a novel enhancer regulating TCF7L2 expression was revealed through searching for functional SNPs. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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