Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis is an uncommon interstitial lung disease that typically affects children. Typically, it manifests as widespread alveolar bleeding with no known cause. This case study presents a young male patient who came with tiredness, dyspnea, and hemoptysis due to iron deficiency anemia. This patient’s iron-deficiency anemia proved refractory to oral elemental iron treatment. Chest computed tomography and bronchoalveolar lavage revealed normal results in this patient.

After confirming the diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis, the patient received corticosteroid treatment, which resulted in symptom relief in one week. This case report demonstrates that early diagnosis and prompt commencement of corticosteroid treatment is a successful method for revealing symptoms and avoiding consequences.

Reference:https://journals.lww.com/clinpulm/Abstract/2020/05000/A_Case_of_Idiopathic_Pulmonary_Hemosiderosis_in_a.2.aspx