Endocrine journal 2018 02 15() doi 10.1507/endocrj.EJ17-0553
Thyroid metastasis from head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a very rare form of rarely observed metastatic thyroid tumor. We herein report a case of thyroid metastasis from oropharyngeal SCC (OSCC). The patient was a 68-year-old male diagnosed with p16-positive tonsillar OSCC on the right side with multiple lymph node metastases and a thyroid mass, which was determined as metastatic p16-positive OSCC by immunohistochemistry of specimens collected by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). He received one cycle of induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy. No visible primary lesions were observed after treatment. The disappearance of the tonsillar lesion was considered to be a complete response by the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT). The thyroid lesion was also decreased, but a solid lesion with unclear boundaries in the right thyroid lobe remained. Therefore, the patient underwent total thyroidectomy to remove any residual tumor. Postoperative pathological evaluation revealed no residual viable carcinoma cells in the resected specimen. As illustrated in this case, immunohistochemistry of the FNAC specimen for p16 was successful in determining the thyroid tumor as a metastatic lesion from the oropharynx. Although radical radiotherapy might be sufficient to control thyroid gland metastasis of OSCC, in this case, early-stage remedial surgery was thought to be necessary for a secure radical cure.