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A counseling program on nuisance bleeding improves quality of life in patients on dual antiplatelet therapy: A randomized controlled trial.

A counseling program on nuisance bleeding improves quality of life in patients on dual antiplatelet therapy: A randomized controlled trial.
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Biscaglia S, Tonet E, Pavasini R, Serenelli M, Bugani G, Cimaglia P, Gallo F, Spitaleri G, Del Franco A, Aquila G, Vieceli Dalla Sega F, Tebaldi M, Tumscitz C, Ferrari R, Campo G,


Biscaglia S, Tonet E, Pavasini R, Serenelli M, Bugani G, Cimaglia P, Gallo F, Spitaleri G, Del Franco A, Aquila G, Vieceli Dalla Sega F, Tebaldi M, Tumscitz C, Ferrari R, Campo G, (click to view)

Biscaglia S, Tonet E, Pavasini R, Serenelli M, Bugani G, Cimaglia P, Gallo F, Spitaleri G, Del Franco A, Aquila G, Vieceli Dalla Sega F, Tebaldi M, Tumscitz C, Ferrari R, Campo G,

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PloS one 2017 08 2312(8) e0182124 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0182124
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Nuisance bleeding is a major determinant of quality of life and drug discontinuation in patients on dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). However, no randomized trial has been focused on the impact of nuisance bleeding on quality of life.

METHODS
BATMAN is an investigator-driven, randomized, controlled, single-center, open trial (NCT02554006). Four hundred and forty-eight consecutive patients with indication to at least 6 months of DAPT were randomized to: i) multimodal counseling program focused on nuisance bleedings (interventional arm); ii) usual discharge process (control arm). The primary endpoint was the one-month health-related quality of life assessed by the EuroQol-5 Dimension (EQ-5D) visual analog scale (VAS) score. Secondary endpoints were EQ-5D at 1 and 6 months, EQ-5D VAS at 6 months, DAPT withdrawal, need of information regarding DAPT and/or nuisance bleedings, 6-month ischemic and bleeding adverse events.

RESULTS
The EQ5D-VAS was significantly higher in the interventional arm compared to the control arm at 1 and 6 months (81[74-88] vs. 73[64-80], p < 0.001 at 1 month; 82[76-88] vs. 74[65-81], p < 0.001 at 6 months). Patients in the interventional arm had also significantly lower pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression at the EQ-5D both at 1 and 6 months. Patients in the control arm withdrew DAPT significantly more (7 (3%) vs. 1 (0.4%), p = 0.03) and looked for information regarding DAPT and/or about nuisance bleeding more frequently than those in the interventional arm (178 (79%) vs.19 (8%), p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS
The systematic utilization of a multimodal counseling program improved quality of life and reduced the DAPT withdrawal rate in patients on DAPT.

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