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A couple-based HIV prevention intervention for Latino men who have sex with men: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

A couple-based HIV prevention intervention for Latino men who have sex with men: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.
Author Information (click to view)

Martinez O, Isabel Fernandez M, Wu E, Carballo-Diéguez A, Prado G, Davey A, Levine E, Mattera B, Lopez N, Valentin O, Murray A, Sutton M,


Martinez O, Isabel Fernandez M, Wu E, Carballo-Diéguez A, Prado G, Davey A, Levine E, Mattera B, Lopez N, Valentin O, Murray A, Sutton M, (click to view)

Martinez O, Isabel Fernandez M, Wu E, Carballo-Diéguez A, Prado G, Davey A, Levine E, Mattera B, Lopez N, Valentin O, Murray A, Sutton M,

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Trials 2018 04 0519(1) 218 doi 10.1186/s13063-018-2582-y

Abstract
BACKGROUND
Latino men who have sex with men (MSM) experienced a 13% increase in HIV diagnoses from 2010 to 2014, more than any other racial/ethnic subgroup of MSM in the United States. If current HIV diagnoses rates persist, about one in four Latino MSM in the United States will be diagnosed with HIV during their lifetime. Although some efficacious HIV prevention interventions for Latino MSM exist, none have focused on couples. This paper describes the protocol of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to test the preliminary efficacy of a couple-based HIV prevention intervention that is culturally tailored for Latino men and their same-sex partners.

METHODS
The RCT will determine the preliminary efficacy of Connecting Latinos en Pareja (CLP) to increase the proportion of anal sex acts that are HIV protected (i.e., anal sex acts in which condoms, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), treatment as prevention (TasP), or a combination thereof, are used to reduce risk of HIV transmission). CLP builds upon previous couple-based interventions with white and black MSM by incorporating biomedical prevention techniques, such as PrEP and TasP, implementing a framework responsive to the couple’s serostatus, and addressing the socio-cultural factors that influence HIV risk among Latino MSM. We also include input from community stakeholders, members of the target population, and a community advisory board as part of intervention development. Assessments will be conducted at baseline, and 3- and 6-months post-intervention to examine the intervention effects on outcomes (HIV-protected sex acts), and factors potentially mediating or moderating intervention effects.

DISCUSSION
This paper describes an innovative RCT that incorporates multiple HIV prevention techniques for Latino MSM in couples, regardless of serostatus. The ongoing involvement of community stakeholders, members of the target population, and a community advisory board is emphasized, and plans for widespread dissemination and application of findings into practice are discussed.

TRIAL REGISTRATION
Trial registration: NCT03048838 . Registered on 3 February 2017.

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