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A Functional Study of Human Inflammatory Arthritis Using Photoacoustic Imaging.

A Functional Study of Human Inflammatory Arthritis Using Photoacoustic Imaging.
Author Information (click to view)

Jo J, Xu G, Cao M, Marquardt A, Francis S, Gandikota G, Wang X,


Jo J, Xu G, Cao M, Marquardt A, Francis S, Gandikota G, Wang X, (click to view)

Jo J, Xu G, Cao M, Marquardt A, Francis S, Gandikota G, Wang X,

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Scientific reports 2017 11 037(1) 15026 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-15147-5
Abstract

By using our dual-modality system enabling simultaneous real-time ultrasound (US) and photoacoustic (PA) imaging of human peripheral joints, we explored the potential contribution of PA imaging modality to rheumatology clinic. By performing PA imaging at a single laser wavelength, the spatially distributed hemoglobin content reflecting the hyperemia in synovial tissue in metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints of 16 patients were imaged, and compared to the results from 16 healthy controls. In addition, by performing PA imaging at two laser wavelengths, the spatially distributed hemoglobin oxygenation reflecting the hypoxia in inflammatory joints of 10 patients were imaged, and compared to the results from 10 healthy controls. The statistical analyses of the PA imaging results demonstrated significant differences (p < 0.001) in quantified hemoglobin content and oxygenation between the unequivocally arthritic joints and the normal joints. Increased hyperemia and increased hypoxia, two important physiological biomarkers of synovitis reflecting the increased metabolic demand and the relatively inadequate oxygen delivery in affected synovium, can both be objectively and non-invasively evaluated by PA imaging. The proposed dual-modality system has the potential of providing additional diagnostic information over the traditional US imaging approaches and introducing novel imaging biomarkers for diagnosis and treatment evaluation of inflammatory arthritis.

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