The following review states that the study of Foot complications in patients with diabetes or peripheral artery disease (PAD) are serious events in the life of these patients that often lead to amputations and mortality. No evidence synthesis has been reported on the mortality rates after minor lower extremity amputation; thus, a quantitative evidence synthesis was needed. A systematic literature search was performed to identify studies that had reported the survival or mortality rates after a minor LEA. The studies were required to include one or more of the following primary outcomes: mortality rate at 30 days, 1 year, 3 years, 5 years, 6 to 7 years, or 8 to 9 years. The secondary outcomes were the mortality rates according to the anatomic location of the amputation in the foot and the independent risk factors for mortality. Mortality after minor amputation for patients with diabetes and/or PAD was found to be very high. Compared with the reported cancer data, survival was worse than that for many cancers. Just as in the case of major amputations, minor amputations should be considered a pivotal event in the life of these patients.
Reference link- https://www.jvascsurg.org/article/S0741-5214(20)31876-0/fulltext