The prevalence of trigeminal neuralgia (TN) in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is higher than in the general population and its management can be particularly challenging due to a number of reasons including high recurrence rates, lack of MS-specific treatment guidelines and uncertainties about pain pathophysiology. Aim of this cross-sectional, multicentre survey was to gather information on the current treatment modalities and options of MS-related TN across 23 Italian MS centres. Initial medical management (carbamazepine or oxcarbazepine) of MS-related TN was fairly homogeneous throughout Italian centres. The most commonly available surgical procedure was microvascular decompression, but the frequency and types of surgical procedures available locally differed considerably throughout MS centers, and were unavailable in one quarter of them. This survey reveals some of the issues that could hamper an optimal patient management and underlines the need for a consensus on MS-related TN to support health-care professionals in their approach to this challenging condition and to facilitate the development of local guidelines aimed at ensuring equity in access to care and treatment optimization.
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