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A national retrospective survey of anisakidosis in France (2010-2014): decreasing incidence, female predominance, and emerging allergic potential.

A national retrospective survey of anisakidosis in France (2010-2014): decreasing incidence, female predominance, and emerging allergic potential.
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Yera H, Fréalle É, Dutoit E, Dupouy-Camet J,


Yera H, Fréalle É, Dutoit E, Dupouy-Camet J, (click to view)

Yera H, Fréalle É, Dutoit E, Dupouy-Camet J,

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Parasite (Paris, France) 2018 04 1125() 23 doi 10.1051/parasite/2018016
Abstract

A retrospective survey was carried out over the years 2010-2014 among all Parasitology laboratories of University hospitals in France (ANOFEL network). The objective was to estimate the incidence of anisakidosis in France as new culinary habits such as the consumption of raw fish (sushi) or undercooked fish are increasing. A total of 37 cases of anisakidosis were notified by all French laboratories: 7 proven cases with evidence of a worm, 12 possible cases with abdominal pain after consumption of raw fish with detection of anti-Anisakis precipitins, and 18 allergic cases defined as acute manifestations after consumption of fish, associated with specific IgE for Anisakis. The median age of affected individuals was 42 years (11-69) and there was a significant predominance of women (67%). Compared with previous surveys in France, this study indicates a decrease in clinical cases of anisakidosis and illustrates the emerging allergic potential of anisakids.

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