Items selection and subscales construction were conducted on healthy controls (n=374), while test-retest reliability was evaluated in a subsample (n=72); internal consistency was examined both in the control group and in two clinical samples, respectively including patients with Bipolar Spectrum Disorders (BSD; n=44) and ADHD (n=34). Construct, concurrent and convergent validity were also assessed.
Thirty-one items were finally retained, and three subscales were identified (Affective Instability, Emotional Reactivity, Interpersonal Sensitivity). Test-retest was significant for each subscale with moderate-to-good correlations, and internal consistency showed good-to-excellent coefficients. Construct validity was supported by significant differences between patients and controls and gender-related differences. Concurrent validity was confirmed through significant associations with two subscales of the CHT-Q, while convergent validity proved to be significant with the CBCL/YSR dysregulation-profile. Cut-offs were also computed to discriminate clinically significant scores of ED.
The use of a school-based survey to recruit controls could have biased our results; gender distributions between clinical and non-clinical samples were significantly different.
Our novel questionnaire proved to be a valid and reliable tool able to assess the presence of ED in youths and to characterize this fundamental construct in its multidimensional facets.
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